History of Copenhagen - In Brief

*A Part of the Danish Cultural Heritage*
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Brief History about Copenhagen
Cultural & History Guide - In - Around & Beyond Copenhagen!
Copenhagen’s History at A Glance
Learn more about the Historical & Cultural development of the Danish Capital
It all started around 1160 and 1167 -
with a little fortress on the Isle of “Slotsholmen”
Timelines of Copenhagen's History - Cultural Heritage - and some of its Famous Citizens
Places - Persons - History
Coat of Arms from 1661
Copenhagen Coat of Arms from 1661 - probably with Absalon's Castle from 1167 - in the middle circle of the shield.
Copenhagen - Sealand
Copenhagen is a Coastal Metropolis with a wide surrounding coastline - plus long stretches of beach areas - situated on the East Cost of the isle of Sealand.
Facts about Copenhagen
Copenhagen is the capital of Denmark - and the largest city in Scandinavia. Copenhagen is placed on the east coast of Sealand and alongside the Sound (Øresund). A bridge and tunnel called “Øresundsbroen” - connects Copenhagen with Sweden - and its metropolitan areas is named the Oresund Region. In Latin - Copenhagen is called Hafnia - and in Danish København.
See: Copenhagen Culture

See: Christiansborg Palace - Danish Parliament

See: Amalienborg Palace - Copenhagen (Royal residence)

Native name:
København (Copenhagen) - (Hafnia)
(Largest city in Scandinavia)
1160 - 1167.
Absalon Rig.
Urban Area:
1980 Km².
1,8 million. (Greater Copenhagen and regions)
Danish Parliament:
Christiansborg Palace - Copenhagen. (Folketinget)
Government type: Parliamentary Democracy - Constitutional Monarchy.
Head of state: King Frederik X.
Royal residence: -
Amalienborg Palace - Copenhagen.
Danish Kroner.
Kastrup Lufthavn.
Cruise Ports:
Langelinie - Nordhavnen.
Right side.
Time Zone:
Summer Time - "Daylight Saving Time":
The Summer Time "Daylight Saving Time" season - spans over 7 - spring - summer and autumn months in Denmark - and is from April to October every year.
Country Code: +45
Historic Places - Cultural Landmarks & Sightseeing Venues

Sightseeing Index

Bishop Absalon & Copenhagen - (København)
Viking Village - 900-1000 A.C.
A typical Viking Settlement from 900-1000 A.C. - with the wooden Longhouse and homes built in wood - and surrounded by a farming environment - which were the same site that probably met Absalon - on the east coast of Sealand - when he planed to build his new town named Copenhagen. (København)

Copenhagen and Bishop Absalon
Copenhagen was founded in the years 1160 and 1167 by Bishop Absalon (1128-1201) - who was at that time the counsellor for King Valdemar I (1131-1182 - Ruled Denmark 1154–57 - as Valdemar the Great). King Valdemar I - gave Bishop Absalon the task to build a Town around a heavily armed fortress and stronghold on the east coast of Sealand to protect all trade and inhabitants from raids - mainly from the seaside and narrow Sound (Øresund). Absalon chose to expand an existing Viking Settlement that had been subject to numerous attacks by barbarian seafarers and plunderers invaders - and named his new established city “København” (The Merchant Harbour) after which he began in 1160 to construct an almost impregnable brick-build Castle complex and Bishop Residence, which were completed in 1167. Absalon was the archbishop of Roskilde in 1158 - once the capital of Denmark in the 12th century. Here he initiated the building of Roskilde Cathedral around 1170 - which has been the royal burial place since the 14th century of Danish Kings and Queens. Absalon was also the archbishop of Lund in 1178 - a province in Sweden near Malmø. See: Absalon

Bishop Absalon & Twin Brother Esben Snare
Bishop Absalon died in 1201 - and is buried in the old monastery at Sorø behind the High Altar. He donated all of his belongings to the monastery and property to his twin brother Esben Snare - who was a crusader and royal chancellor that built the only Church with five towers in Denmark - named The Church of Our Lady in the city of Kalundborg - on Northern Sealand.

King Valdemar I
(King Valdemar the Great of Denmark) was a foster brother to Bishop Absalon & Twin Brother Esben Snare.
The remarkable Church with five towers built by Esben Snare in the city of Kalundborg.

Bishop Absalon

1160 - 1167
Bishop Absalon's little Castle - 1160- 1167
1160-1167 - The little fortress on the isle of "Slotsholmen" built by Bishop Absalon 1160-1167 - to protect the new city Copenhagen. The ruins can be seen under the foundations of the present Christiansborg Castle.
Bishop Absalon was also a great Warrior
1168 - Bishop Absalon founded Copenhagen around 1160-1167 - but was also a great warrior - who defeated the Wends and demolished their temple Arkona in Rügen 1168 (North Germany) - to introduce the Christian religion. Top image.
Altarpieces from the Middle Age still exists in some Historic Churches in Copenhagen.
Church frescos from the early Middle Age can still be explored in many Medieval Churches in and around Copenhagen.
1050-1100s - St. Clemens Church
The oldest known church in Copenhagen was St. Clemens Church - built during 1050-1100s - and served the Christian Citizens of Copenhagen. Archaeological excavations have discovered coins from St. Clemens Church cemetery that originates from this medieval period - and years before Bishop Absalon became the founder of the town Hafnia - and since named Copenhagen (København). The St. Clemens Church was built by burnt clay bricks from Germany - and was one of the first brick buildings in Copenhagen with a half-timbered construction. St. Clemens Church excited as a parish church until 1530-1536 during the Reformation period and finally demolished around 1560.

Unknown wooden Christian church and cemetery under Copenhagen
The remains of an earlier unknown and unnamed wooden Christian church and cemetery built in the very early middle age than St. Clemens Church - were found during an excavation in 2008 - in the inner city of Copenhagen - and near the Town Hall Square - which indicates that Christianity had reached Copenhagen before year 1000 - and after King Harald Bluetooth hadmade the Danes Christianaround year 960 A.C..

The Birth Certificate of Denmark - and Christianity
See: The Jelling Stones
1160 -1167 - The first fortress to protect the city
In the years 1160-67 - Bishop Absalon built a little fortress on the Isle of “Slotsholmen” to protect the new city. This was the first step to found the Danish capital Copenhagen. The ruins of Absalon's castle was discovered in 1907 - during the excavation of the present Christiansborg Palace. Today the remains of Absalon's original castle can be seen under the foundations of Christiansborg Palace.
From a fishing village to a town of traders. Medieval Copenhagen around 1190.
1200 -1400 - From a fishing village to city status
Copenhagen grew rapidly in the 12th century due to its position near the sound with good harbour facilities.

From being a little Viking fishing village during the reign of Bishop Absalon - Copenhagen was given a charter as a city by Bishop Jakob Erlandsen in 1254. In 1369 - Absalon's little castle was attacked and demolished down to the ground by the German Hanseatic League.

The first Copenhagen Cathedral (The Church of Our Lady) was built in 1209.
1209 - Copenhagen Cathedral
The first Copenhagen Cathedral (The Church of Our Lady) was built in 1209 - and since the area and location has housed several churches with cathedral proportions. The Cathedral has been rebuilt four times - after the first church from 1209 of limestone - placed on the highest spot in town - burnt down and was reconstructed in 1316. Then when the second church was razed by a great fire in 1728 together with five other churches in Copenhagen and rebuilt in 1738 - and finally during the bombardment of Copenhagen in 1807 - when the spire was hit by a Congreve rocket and nearly burnt the church down to the ground. The Church of Our Lady became the main Cathedral of Copenhagen in 1924 - and was appointed as Denmark's National Cathedral.

See: Copenhagen Cathedral

Queen Margrethe I - with her foster son - and later king of Norway - Sweden and Denmark Eric of Pomerania.
1397 - The Kalmar Union - and the birth of Scandinavia
The Danish Queen Margrethe I (1353-1412 - ruled Denmark - Sweden and Norway 1375-1412) took the initiative of founding the Northern Alliance - formalised as the Kalmar Union under one crown and kingdom - which came to the end in 1523. This Northern Alliance led later to the birth of five Scandinavian Nations - consisting of a successful alliance between Sweden - Norway - Finland - Iceland - and Denmark - and considered as some of the most admirable and attractive Welfare States in the world. The Scandinavian and Nordic regions cover most of Northern Europe - where Copenhagen is the largest capital.

See: Scandinavia
Copenhagen Castle - 1410
1410 - Copenhagen Castle was built around 1410 on the ruins of Absalon's little castle and was placed where the present Christiansborg Palace is situated. King Christian IV modernized the Castle and built the “Blue Tower” as an extension - that later became a prison, with a horrifying reputation. The first royal resident in the castle was King Eric of Pomerania in 1417.
The University of Copenhagen - 1479
1479 - The University of Copenhagen was founded by King Christian I in 1479 - and among the oldest Universities in Europe. The University had faculties for theological learning - and the study of law - medicine - and philosophy. In 1801 - most of the buildings were destroyed under the bombardment of Copenhagen in 1807. A new University was built in 1836.

expands by
building the first
Royal Castle
in 1410
and the first
University in 1479

Queen Margrethe I

1412 - Queen Margrethe I - buried in Roskilde Cathedral
The Danish Queen Margrethe I (1353-1412 - ruled Denmark - Norway and Sweden - 1375-1412) - is buried in Roskilde Cathedral - behind the High Altar - as the first Danish Royalty entombed in Roskilde Cathedral after she was moved from her first burial plot at the family Chapel in Sorø Klosterkirke (Sorø Abby) - by her foster son - Eric of Pomerania - later King Eric of Pomerania and King of The Nordic Kalmar Union (Norway - Sweden and Denmark) - who resided at Kronborg Castle. Since the 15th century - all Danish Monarch have been laid to rest in various decorated sarcophagus in Roskilde Cathedral.

See: Roskilde Cathedral

1416 - 1443 - The Royal city and Capital
A new castle called Copenhagen Castle was built on the ruins of Absalon's Castle - and the first resident was King Eric of Pomerania (ruled Denmark 1396-1439) - who declared the rights of the castle in 1417. In 1443 - Copenhagen replaces Roskilde - as the Danish capital.
Copenhagen's centrally placed location in the region was central to its succeeding growth as a trading port as well as a strong military and political centre.

1448 - 1479 - First King Crowned of the Oldenborg Dynasty

King Christian I (1426-1481 - ruled Denmark - Sweden and Norway) was the first King to be crowned in Copenhagen in 1449 - and was the founder of the dynasty of the Royal House of Oldenborg - who remained on the Danish Throne until 1863. King Christian I was also the founder of Copenhagen University in 1479 - the first university in Denmark. Today there are 8 universities and higher educational institutions in Copenhagen.

See: University of Copenhagen

became the
Royal City
in 1417

The Protestant
started in
Copenhagen in

King Christian I
In 1449 King Christian I - was the first Oldenborg King to be crowned in Copenhagen - and also the father of the Royal House of Oldenborg and the dynasty that lasted from 1449 - 1863.
The Reformation in 1536
Altar painting from 1561 - after the Reformation in 1536 - showing the three most important acts of the Danish Lutheran Church - Baptism - Holy Communion and Sermons.
Bakken Amusement park - 1583
The world's oldest amusement park Bakken was established in 1583 - and is still an active and very popular venue for city-weary Copenhageners - who enjoy outdoor life.
King Christian III
1536 - The important Reformation era
The Protestant Reformation reached Denmark and Copenhagen in 1536. When Lutheranism became the official religion in Denmark - and the Evangelian-Lutheran Church was declared The State Church of Denmark - and where a vast majority of all ethnic Danes are members. It was King Christian III (1503-1559 - ruled Denmark and Norway - 1534-1559) - who was so foresighted to introduced the Protestant movement in Denmark that reformed the Danish Church and brought Catholicism to the fall.

Kronborg Castle
1574 - Kronborg Castle - Kronborg Slot
Kronborg Castle is situated at Helsingør or "Elsinore" and built by King Frederik II from 1574 to 1584 (King from 1559-1588 - ruled Denmark and Norway). After the fire in 1629 - his son the great builder among Danish Kings Christian IV (King from 1577-1648 - ruled Denmark and Norway 1588-1648) completed the building of Kronborg Castle in 1638. Kronborg Castle is built on the spit of North Sealand - and placed at the entrance of Oresound (Øresund) - which was the ideal position to collect Sound Duties from ships entering the narrow Strait between Sweden and Denmark to secure state taxes and revenues - but was also built as a fortress to defend the Kingdom of Denmark.

See: Kronborg Castle
1583 - The world's oldest amusement park “Bakken”
The world's oldest amusement park “Bakken” located north of Copenhagen in Klampenborg started humbly - when a natural spring called “Kirsten Piils Kilde” was discovered at the "The Deer Park" - better known as “Dyrehaven”. The first amusement park was completed with rides - games and restaurants under the reign of King Christian IV. “Bakken” still exists today as a popular amusement park with plentiful of rides and entertaining activities.
The Prominent Architect of Copenhagen
King Christian IV - 1588-1648 
The Royal Summer Residence - 1606 - 1634
Rosenborg Castle - 1606 - 1634

Many remarkable
and historical
buildings were
during the
reign of
King Christian IV
1588 - 1648
1588 -1648 - King Christian IV - The prominent architect of Copenhagen
During the reign of the great builder and most prominent architect of Copenhagen King Christian IV (1577-1648 - ruled Denmark and Norway 1588-1648) - many remarkable buildings and projects were constructed like: Rosenborg Castle - The Round Tower- The Old Stock Exchange - The Canals of Copenhagen - The Old Citadel.

See: Rosenborg Castle


King Christian IV's
buildings are great
Tourist attractions -
and are historic monuments of a enterprising and
inventive Monarch
The Old Danish Chamber of Commerce - 1624
Old Stock Exchange - 1624
See: The Old Stock Exchange
The Observatory - 1642
The Round Tower - 1642
See: The Round Tower
Christianshavn Canals
1617 - 1622 - Christianshavn Canals
King Christian IV took the initiative to found Christianshavn on the isle of Amager - and established its adjoining maze of canals from 1617 to 1622. The two main reasons were partly to protect the fleet of the Royal Danish Navy - which was docked at the harbour entrance called “Holmen” and to increase trading with merchants from abroad to levy extra tolls from their ships passing through the narrow strait between Sealand and the Isle of Amager.

See: Christianshavn Canals

Holmens Church
1619 - Holmens Church
Holmens Church became “The Royal Naval Church” in 1619 - when Bishop Hans Resen was able to consecrate the Old Anchor Forge on the Bremerholm area in Copenhagen as the Naval Church to serve the Danish navy - and named it Holmens Church - after King Christian IV (1577-1648 - ruled Denmark and Norway 1588-1648) - had dedicated that the old royal smithy located opposite the little isle Slotsholmen was to be used as a place for worship for the Royal Naval Personal. Holmen Church is also the burial plot and final resting place for Naval Danish Heroes.

See: Holmens Church

1626 - "Kastellet" - The Old Citadel
King Christian IV started the building of the fortification called “Kastellet” to protect the city. The ramparts consist of five bastions and were a part of the de fence barrier of Copenhagen named “Citadellet Frederikshavn”. The fortress was used in the defense of Copenhagen with England in the Battle of Copenhagen 1807. The old fortification areas is open to the public.
The Old Citadel “Kastellet” - 1626
1626 - King Christian IV started the building of the fortification called “Kastellet” - The Citadel. The area is a popular venue for Copenhageners with ramparts and five bastions offering a panoramic view over Oresound.
The Royal Library - 1648
In 1648 - the Royal Library was established in an appropriate building - just opposite Christiansborg Castle and The Danish Parliament. The building is full functional today and is still the National Library.

The Old Citadel “Kastellet” - was built
in 1626 by
King Christian IV

The Royal
National Library
was founded
in Copenhagen by
King Frederik III
in 1648

1634 - Rosenborg Castle completed
The new summer residence of King Christian IV (1577-1648 - ruled Denmark and Norway 1588-1648) - Rosenborg Castle - is finally completed after undergoing construction in stages over a period of almost 22 years - from 1602 to 1634. Rosenborg Castle is King Christian IVs Castle - He built Rosenborg - He lived all his life at Rosenborg - He died at his beloved Rosenborg Castle in 1648 - at the age of 70.

King Frederik III
1648 - The Royal Library
The Royal Danish Library was the first library founded in Copenhagen by King Frederik III (1609-1670 - ruled Denmark and Norway 1648-1670) around 1648 - and later in 1673 - the library was established in a suitable building - just opposite Christiansborg Castle and The Danish Parliament. The King acquired four private libraries and their book collections formed the basis of the present Royal Danish Library.

See: The Royal Library

1650 - The Royal Museum
The first museum for collecting genuine prehistoric relics and artefacts of important national value was established by King Frederik III (1609-1670 - ruled Denmark and Norway 1648-1670) – and called “Det kongelige Kunstkammer” - (The Royal Treasuries) - and was the foundation of the later Danish National Museum in 1849.

1658 - The Royal Danish Guards founded
The Royal brigade was established in 1658 in Copenhagen by King Frederik III (1609-1670 - ruled Denmark and Norway 1648-1670) - and the main duty was to protect the King - the royal family - and the Royal Castles and Palaces - as well as being present during ceremonial occasions and Royal receptions.

The Royal regiment has since 1658 - had there head quarters and exercise grounds beside Rosenborg Castle - and have marched every day since from Rosenborg to the Royal residence Amalienborg Palace for changing of the guards at noon 12:00. The Royal Danish Guards bears a red and blue uniform to mark various royal occasions.

The Eremitage Palace
1669 - Eremitage Woodlands and Deer Park
King Frederik III - founded the Deer Park in 1669 - with the aim to establish hunting grounds for the royal family. The park was opened to the public in 1736 - and became a very popular outing venue. The Eremitage Palace was built in Baroque style - as a Royal Hunting Lodge in 1734 - for King Christian VI - and as a setting for hosting Royal Banquets during the "Par Force" hunts in the vast and fertile Deer Park - Dyrehaven - that surrounds the Eremitage Palace.

See: Eremitage Woodlands and Deer Park
The Nyhavn Canal
The Kings New Square
1670 - 1674 - Nyhavn Canal & The Kings New Square - by King Christian V
King Christian V - decided to open a gateway from the seaside and harbour area up to the inner part of Copenhagen - to let the merchant ships deliver their cargo and goods closer to the central area of the city - plus provide the daily catch of the local fishermen to be delivered freshly to the Copenhageners.

The King arranged to dig a canal from the harbour front up to a former public square - which later became the historic Nyhavn area and canal - as well as being a new entrance from the sea to a more central part of Copenhagen. The former public square was re-established by King Christian V - during the 1670's - with an gilded equestrian statue of the King - and then turned into the “Kings New Square” - and better known today as “Kongens Nytorv”.

See: Nyhavn

See: The Kings New Square (Kongens Nytorv)
1700-1810 - Wealth - Fires - Plague and Bombardment of the City
The British Bombardment of Copenhagen in 1807 - lasted 4 days - targeting the civilian population and major government buildings. More than 2,000 civilians were killed during the heavy fire plus many buildings were destroyed during the battle. The painting illustrates the outskirts of Copenhagen during the bombardment with Rosenborg Castle illuminated by the heavy fires. Oil painting by C.W. Eckersberg - on display at Frederiksborg Castle.
1700 - 1810 - Copenhagen's Economy and Trade
In the 18th century Copenhagen’s economy benefited largely due to the intense traffic through the sound and revenues from taxes increased heavily - as well as trade also grew extremely during this period.
Frederiksberg Palace
1700 - Frederiksberg Palace & Garden
Frederiksberg Palace was built around 1700 - as a new summer residence by King Frederik IV (1671-1730 – ruled Denmark and Norway 1699-1730) and was placed on the top of Valby Hill - which was one of the highest spots on the outskirts of Copenhagen.

The first Frederiksberg Palace from 1700 - was built in one plan but was later changed in 1708-1709 to a three story building. Between 1732-1738 the palace was extended with two long wings on each side of the palace complex and painted yellow. In 1828 the palace was finally completed - when it was refurnished and linked to the old port house.

See: Frederiksberg Palace
1711 - Bubonic plague in Copenhagen
After the capital was hit by the bubonic plague in 1711 - nearly one-third of the population had died from this highly infectious disease.
1728 - Destructive fires in Copenhagen
Several destructive fires destroyed the city in 1728 - and Copenhagen was totally damaged and ruined. Rebuilding and reconstruction work began and the medieval part of Copenhagen had changed permanently when the reconstruction was complete by 1737.
The Bubonic Plague - 1711
In 1711 - Copenhagen was hit by the bubonic plague - wiping out 20,000 of its 60,000 inhabitants. The plague was brought in by ships from Europe and Prussia - carrying infected vermin.
The Royal Danish Theater - 1892
1748 - The second Royal Danish Theater in 1892 - at "Kongens Nytorv" the Kings Square - with the first electrical street lights in Copenhagen. The theater building was inaugurated in 1874.

The bubonic plague

killed over 20,000
during the
widespread endemic disease in 1711
1748 - The Royal Danish Theatre
Opening of The Royal Danish Theatre with 8 actors and 4 actresses performing French comedies. Since the first act in 1748 - The Royal Danish Theatre has been located on the same spot at Kongens Nytorv in the very heart of Copenhagen.

King Frederik V
1748 - King Frederik V - and Frederiksstaden in Copenhagen
King Frederik V
(1723-1766 – ruled Denmark and Norway 1746-1766) is the planner and builder of Frederiksstaden - where the Amalienborg Palaces is the centerpiece of Frederiksstaden - a prominent district at the waterfront that was built to house aristocrats and noble families in Copenhagen - as well as to commemorate the tercentenary of the Oldenburg family's ascent to the throne of Denmark in 1448.

See: Amalienborg Palaces


1749 - First newspaper in Copenhagen
The first newspaper available in Copenhagen was “Berlingske Tidende” - published by its founder Ernst Henrich Berling. The newspaper is the oldest Danish newspaper still published - and among the oldest newspapers in the world.
The royal Frederiks Hospital - 1757
1757 - The royal Frederiks Hospital in 1805 - located on “Bredgade” with Amalienborg Palace as their backyard neighbor - offered free care and cure to patients and every citizen without means.
The Flora Danica Dinner Service - 1790
1775 - The Royal Porcelain Factory was founded in Copenhagen - and in 1790 - Royal Copenhagen brought out its now famous Flora Danica dinner service - with gilded edge and Danish flora motifs.

In 1790 the Danish
Crown Prince Frederik
ordered the
Flora Danica

dinner set
as a gift for Russian Empress Catherine II

The Empress died
in 1796 and
never received it

The Dinner Set
has since been
on display at
Rosenborg Castle


1757 - The first free hospital
The first hospital in Denmark - with free treatment was inaugurated in 1757 - by King Frederik V (1723-1766 - ruled Denmark and Norway 1746-1766) on his birthday and named The Royal King Frederik’s Hospital. The Hospital was located on Bredgade (Broad Street) in inner Copenhagen - and the rococo mansion was a part of the many fashionable properties around King Frederik V’s prominent Frederiksstad district from 1750 - with the Amalienborg Palace. The former hospital building is currently housing the Danish Museum of Decorative Art and has been replaced by Copenhagen University Hospital.
1775 - Royal Danish Porcelain Factory
Royal Copenhagen (Den kongelige Porcelænsfabrik) was founded in Copenhagen 1775 - by chemist Frantz Heinrich Müller. The first dining ware produced was “Flora Danica” for the royal family in 1790 and later Royal Copenhagen became famous for its collection of the “Blue Fluted” (Musselmalet) dinner service. The corporate logo and brand-mark is three blue waves symbolizing Denmark’s three straits; Oresund - The Great Belt and The Little Belt.

King Frederik V
was the planner
and builder of
the fashionable
Quarters with
the Amalienborg
Palaces to house
aristocrats and
noble families
in 1750 - 1760

The Amalienborg Complex - 1748
1748 - The Amalienborg complex in the center of Frederiksstad - with the Marble Church in the back. The entire Amalienborg project was completed in 1758 - and has since 1794 - been the prime royal residences for Danish Monarchs.
The Liberty Memorial - 1797
1797 - The Liberty Memorial was erected in 1797 - outside the ramparts of Copenhagen - here shown in 1863 - on Vesterbrogade opposite the Grand Central Station and at its original location - with Copenhagen's Cathedral at the back.
  See: Amalienborg Palaces See: The Liberty Memorial
King Christian VII
1794 - Christiansborg Palace burning
In 1794 - the first Christiansborg Palace was razed by a heavy fire that nearly damaged the entire four winged palace complex - and the residing King Christian VII (1749-1808 - ruled Denmark and Norway 1766-1808) - and his family had to move to Amalienborg Palace in 1794 - which later became the permanent residence for all royal families in Copenhagen - and up to our time.

See: Christiansborg Palace

1797 - The Liberty Memorial in Copenhagen
The Liberty Memorial was erected in 1797 - outside the ramparts of Copenhagen to commemorate the abolishment of adscription in 1788. Prince Frederik - later King Frederik VI (1768-1839 - King of Denmark and Norway 1808-1839) had laid the foundation stone in 1792. The Liberty Memorial is placed on Vesterbrogade opposite the Grand Central Station on its original location and is also a symbol of a germinating democratic movement in Denmark from 1788 to 1849.
1801-1807 - The Battle of Copenhagen
The naval battle of Copenhagen against England took place in 1801 - where the Danish fleet suffers heavy losses and Danes lost almost 2000 casualties as well as a similar number of men was captured. In 1807 - the British attacked Copenhagen with a heavy bombardment of the city in connection with the Napoleonic wars.
1808 - First Christmas tree
The first Christmas tree was lit on the eve of 24 December in 1808 - in connection with the Christmas Season - which was the start of a new tradition to celebrate Christmas. On the top of the Christmas tree is a star to symbol the shining star over Bethlehem - and the birth of Jesus Christ that was the first step to unite the lit Christmas tree with the Danish Christian Culture.

fires in
from 1794 to 1807
the City and
its many buildings

Christiansborg Palace on fire - 1794
1794 - The first Christiansborg Palace was raised by a fire in 1794 - and nearly burnt down to the ground. The residing King Christian VII moved to the new Amalienborg Palaces together with the rest of the Royal family and Court. During the 1800s - the second Christiansborg Palace was rebuilt again and inaugurated in 1828. In 1884 the second Christiansborg Palace burnt down to the ground.
The Naval battle in 1801-1807 - Copenhagen
1801-1807 - The Naval battle in 1801-1807 was a disaster for Copenhagen with many heavy bombardments of the city - where the Danish fleet suffers heavy losses and Danes lost almost 2000 casualties as well as a similar number of men was captured. The painting shows Copenhagen’s Cathedral burning beside the Round Tower.
Evolution up to the 21 century
1813 - Denmark bankrupt
In the beginning of 1813 - and under the reign of King Frederik VI (1768-1839 - King of Denmark 1808-1839 and Norway 1808-1814) - the country went bankrupt - and Denmark had to cede Norway to Sweden after Norway had been a part of the Danish-Norwegian kingdom for more than 450 years! The bankruptcy affected many Copenhageners - and ongoing businesses in Copenhagen.
First free school in Denmark is Prince Carl’s School from 1814.


1814 - First free schools with compulsory education
A new education Act in 1814 - under the reign of King Frederik VI (1808-1839) was the very first birth of the Danish "Folkeskole" - Peoples School - introducing free primary schools with compulsory education for all pupils in the country between age 7 and 14 years. The act was named "Almueskolevæsenet i Kjøbstæderne" - which began the building of new schools in and around Copenhagen - and gradually in the rest of Denmark. The first free school in Denmark is Prins Carls Skole (Prince Carl’s School) located in “Store Torøje” between Faxe and Store Heddinge on the east cost of Sealand - and is now a Prins Carls School Museum.

Hamlet - performed at Kronborg Castle 1816.
1816 - Kronborg Castle - Shakespeare and Hamlet
The world famous play “The Tragedy of Hamlet - Prince of Denmark” or best known in brief as “Hamlet” written by William Shakespeare around 1600 - was played for the first time in 1816 in the “Canon Hall” at Kronborg Castle - and “Hamlet” has ever since been performed at Kronborg Castle on open air stage in the primeval Courtyard of the castle.

See: Kronborg Castle

1819 - First Danish Steamship

The first Danish steamship SS Caledonia began its route between Copenhagen and Kiel on July 1 – 1819 - as the paddle steamer SS Caledonia - and was acquired used in England in 1819.
The SS Caledonia was used as a mail steamer on the route between Copenhagen and Kiel.

SS Caledonia - 1819.
King Frederik VI
Under the reign of King Frederik VI - 1768-1839 - the country went bankrupt and Denmark had to cede Norway to Sweden in 1813.
Hans Christian Ørsted
Physicist and chemist Hans Christian Ørsted - who discovered electromagnetism - founded the College of Advanced Technology in 1829.

The Industrial
Started Slowly
in Denmark in
the middle of
1800's - evolving
new labor laws
and a definite
from a country
dominated by
Agriculture to a
country dominated
by Industry

1829 - College of Advanced Technology - Later DTU - Danish Technical College
The first Academic Engineering University and Technical College in Denmark (Den Polytekniske Læreanstalt) - was established in 1829 in Copenhagen.
In 1829 - Hans Christian Ørsted (1777 - 1851) - as Denmark's first polytechnic - and a prominent Danish physicist and chemist - who discovered electromagnetism and shaped post-Kantian philosophy - as well as advances in science throughout the late nineteenth century - founded the College of Advanced Technology - (Den Polytekniske Læreanstalt) in Copenhagen - with the first MSc programme in Engineering at a high academic level - to make use of scientific progress in the service of society by applying technology. The College changed its name to Danish Technical College in 1933 - and finally became the Technical University of Denmark - DTU - (Danmarks Tekniske Universitet) in 1994 - and is today ranked among Europe's leading Engineering Institutions and Technical Universities.

See year 1933.
1830 -1840 - Vesterbro - Nørrebro and Østerbro
The city slowly recovers after the bankruptcy in 1813 - and from 1830-1840 - it slowly grew beyond the ramparts into the new working class quarters such as Vesterbro - Nørrebro and Østerbro that became a part of Copenhagen.
King Christian VIII
1840 - King Christian VIII - Last Crowning Ceremony in Denmark
The last crowning ceremony in Denmark was at Frederiksborg Castle Chapel with the coronation and anointing of King Christian VIII (1786-1848 - King 1839-1848 of Denmark and King of Norway until 1814) and Queen Caroline Amalie of Schleswig-Holstein in 1840.
From 1671 to 1840 all Danish Absolute Monarchs were crowned and anointed in the Chapel at Frederiksborg Castle - except for King Christian VII - which was held in the Place Chapel in Copenhagen. Today Crowing of Danish Kings and Queens is replaces by a ceremonial announcement of the accession and proclaimed from Christiansborg Palace.

See: Frederiksborg Castle

Tivoli - 1843
1843 - Tivoli Gardens established in Copenhagen
is established by Georg Carsten and opened on August 15 - 1843. There were 3.615 visitors on the opening day. On the first year in 1843 - there were over 175,000 guests visiting Tivoli. More than 2,6 millions persons visited Tivoli in 2010.

See: Tivoli Gardens
Carlsberg Beer - 1847
The famous Carlsberg Brewery was founded in Copenhagen 1847.
1847 - Carlsberg Brewery founded in Copenhagen
World famous Carlsberg Brewery was founded in 1847 - outside of Copenhagen and the first Carlsberg Beer was distributed 10 November 1847 - as a Lager beer. Carlsberg was founded by J. C. Jacobsen (1811-1887) - who also was a philanthropist and the founder of the Carlsberg Foundation (Carlsbergfondet) in 1876 that owns 51% of the entire Carlsberg Group. The foundation runs the museum at Frederiksborg Castle and the New Carlsberg Glyptotek as well as involvement in other social and cultural engagements beneficial to the society.

The brewery from 1847 is open for tours - showing visitors a modern industrial plant and beer production followed up by tasting many of the sorts of beers Carlsberg markets around the world. The Carlsberg Group is the 5th largest brewery company in the world with over 30,000 employers spread around the globe. Carlsberg’s promotional slogan "Probably the Best Beer in the World" appeared in corporate advertising from the 1980s and is synonymous with the brewing of high quality ales for over two centuries.

Denmark is a Great Beer Drinking Nation - and the Danes just love and enjoy their many types of beers - and are still the most satisfied beer-drinking consumers in Scandinavia - and ever since the first strong “Mjød” was produced and consumed by the Danish Vikings.


The First
Amusement Park
in Copenhagen
in 1843 -
and the first
Central Station
in the City
in 1847

Tivoli - 1843
1843 - The Tivoli head entrance on inauguration day in 1843 - and public waiting to enter the new amusement park named “Tivoli & Vauxhall”. The opening day was a grand success from the very first day - where 3.615 visited the park.
Central Station - 1847
1847 - The first Central Station in Copenhagen from 1848 - was built in 1847 to serve the very first 30 km. railway line in Denmark from Copenhagen to Roskilde and visa versa. The Station at Roskilde from 1849 is still operating.
1847 - First Central Station in Copenhagen
The first Central Station in Copenhagen was built in 1847-1848 - to serve the very first 30 km. railway line in Denmark from Copenhagen to Roskilde and visa versa. Central Station
1847 - First steam engine
The first steam engine in Copenhagen was built in England 1846 - and delivered to the railways in 1847 - to run the service between Copenhagen and Roskilde. The steam engine was named “Odin” - and was also the first steam engine in Denmark.
The Sun Chariot.
1849 - The National Museum of Denmark
The National Museum of Denmark (Nationalmuseet) was founded in Copenhagen in 1849 - and today is Denmark’s largest museum of Cultural History covering Danish Cultural Heritage - as well as foreign cultures and their history. The National Museum is situated in the former Mansion and Palace of Crown Prince Frederik (King Frederik V) - and been the base since 1853.
King Frederik VII - the last Oldenburg monarch - signed the new Constitution on June 5. - 1849.
1849 - New Constitution signed in Copenhagen
Denmark became a constitutional monarchy on June 5 - 1849 - and the day is celebrated every year as a Danish National and Public Holiday - all over the Danish nation. The Constitution was signed by King Frederik VII (1808-1863 - King of Denmark 1848-1863) at the Danish Parliament (Christiansborg Palace) in Copenhagen. The Danish Parliament is also called “Demokratiets Højborg” (The Stronghold of the Danish Democracy) - and the Danes have been governed by this well functional and strong democratic Constitution ever since 1849 - which has been simplified with just a slightly few adjustments in 1866 - 1915 - 1920 and 1953.

Quotation by King Frederik VII:

“People's love - My strength!”
(Folkets kærlighed - min styrke!)

The new and real Danish Constitution from 1849 - is on display at the Danish Parliament.
The Danish Constitution from 1849
1848 - The National Constitutional Assembly - painted by Constantin Hansen - at their first meeting in 1848. The new Danish Constitution was signed by King Frederik VII in 1849 - that finally put an ending to the absolute monarchy from 1660 by King Frederik III.
Søren A. Kierkegaard 1813 - 1855
Søren A. Kierkegaard (SAK) is a famous Danish philosopher and religious thinker - who wrote literary and philosophical essays - plus the founder of modern existentialism. SAK was born in Copenhagen in 1813 - and died at Frederiksberg Hospital in 1855.

The Danish
is signed in
Copenhagen on
June 5th - 1849
King Frederik VII -
and the
Constitution Day
is a National
Public Holiday
that is celebrated
all over Denmark

1855 - Søren A. Kierkegaard
Philosopher Søren A. Kierkegaard dies in Copenhagen - November 11 - 1855. Considered to be the founder of existentialist philosophy. See: Søren Aabye Kierkegaard
The First Water Treatment Plant in Copenhagen 1859.
1859 - First Water Treatment Plant
The first Water Treatment Plant was establish in 1859 in Copenhagen - providing Copenhagen Households and Copenhageners with fresh and clean drinking water.

Copenhagen’s first Municipal Waterworks and Water Supply Plant was in operation until 1950 - with an effective water cleaning unit for the circulation of renewed drinking water. The water supply leading to the first Water Treatment Complex - was based on surface water from the lakes around Copenhagen.
Nostalgic posters from Copenhagen Zoo - offering Rickshaw rides with natives from India - during a human exhibition in 1901.
1859 - Copenhagen Zoo
Copenhagen Zoo (Zoologisk Have) was inaugurated in 1859 - with a handful of animals. On opening day visitors could see chickens - ducks - owls - rabbits and one fox. In a tub was also a little turtle.

Around 1901 - Copenhagen Zoo had a display - of foreign humans - which included 30 people from India - men - women and children that lived their native lives among huts of palm tree leafs in the center of the Zoo to show the Copenhageners how “Brown Exotic” people lived their lives abroad - and the human exhibition was a great sensation at that time. Also foreign natives from the Middle East - Far East and Africa - were exhibited frequently at Copenhagen Zoo.
1861 - The last execution in Copenhagen
The last official execution is conducted in Copenhagen on ”Rødovre Mark”. The person that was beheaded was Ane Andersdatter - and also the last female that was executed in Denmark. She was a poor widow - who murdered three of her children - shortly after their births.


As the
population of
grew over the
of the City
in the mid 1850's -
there was an
increasing demand
for public transport
in the new
urban areas

Horse driven Tram Car - 1863
1863 - The first horse driven Tram Car line in Denmark and Copenhagen was established in 1863 - and called The Copenhagen Railway Company. The Tram Car was the first of its type in Europe with 36 sitting passengers.
"SS Thingvalla" - 1888
1888 - Danish emigrants at Larsen's Plads leaving for America together with their relatives - saying goodbye. The steamship at the pier is "SS Thingvalla" equipped with one funnel and three masts. Painting by Edvard Petersen.
1863 - First Tramcar in Copenhagen
The first Tramcar service and line no 1. is established in Copenhagen 1863. The horse driven Tramcar is the first of its type in Europe and the route went ”Sankt Annæ Plads” to “Frederiksberg Runddel”.
1863 - First King of the House of Glücksborg
In 1863 - the House of Glücksborg succeeded the House of Oldenborg by King Christian IX (1863-1906) - and the present Royal Family are the direct descendants of the House of Glücksborg.

See: The Yellow Palace

The Danish Women’s Society Banner from 1887.
1871 - The Danish Women’s Society - Founded
The Danish Women’s Society is founded in 1871 in Copenhagen - and was particularly active in the struggle to improve women’s educational - social and financial position. The Danish Women’s Society was not associated to any political movement or party - and the aim was to give women their independent voting rights in Danish elections - which happened in 1915 - by constitutional changes. Furthermore the goal for

The Danish Women’s Society was to obtain equality of employment and improvements in conditions for women and children. This led to a legislation in 1919 - that improved salaries for women in public service - as well as equal access for women and men to public positions.
Botanical Gardens Copenhagen
1872 - Botanical Gardens Copenhagen
The present Botanical Garden - the fourth in the succession of university gardens - was established in 1872 - and inaugurated in 1874 on the former fortification area of the city. The rock gardens and other higher areas are part of the old ramparts - while the lake is a remnant of the former city moat. The University of Copenhagen’s first Botanical Garden was founded in the central part of the old city in around 1600 - and the second near Frederiks Hospital in 1752 - by the initiative of King Frederik V (1723-1766 - ruled Denmark and Norway 1746-1766). The third Botanical Garden was placed in 1778 at Nyhavn near Amalienborg Palace.

See: Botanical Gardens Copenhagen

Tuborg Beer - 1873
The strong Christmas Beer by Tuborg - is a brew that yearly complies with the Danes beer drinking traditions.
1873 - The Tuborg Brewery founded in Copenhagen
The legendary Tuborg Brewing Company was founded in 1873 - on the harbour area in Hellerup - situated north of Copenhagen. Since 1970 - Tuborg has been part of the Carlsberg Group. The famous Tuborg “pilsner” was brewed for the first time in 1880 - and was a competing beer to Carlsberg beer on the market. The prominent strong Christmas Brew (Julebryg) was launched for the first time in 1990 - and has been a tradition for beer lovers ever since on the first Friday in November - and called J-day. "Christmas Brew day" or "Julebryg dag". The Tuborg Brewery markets and sell a variety of beers in over 32 countries including Tuborg Green - Tuborg Lemon - Tuborg Christmas beer - Tuborg Gold - Tuborg Red - Tuborg Twist - Tuborg Black and the alcohol strong Tuborg Fine Festival Beer. Tuborg Gold is a very popular strong brew throughout Denmark and Scandinavia – as well as the re-brewed Tuborg Red - which was the first beer the Tuborg Company brewed in 1875 - and was a celebrated hit to comply the Danes beer drinking traditions.

Denmark is a Great Beer Drinking Nation - and the Danes just love and enjoy their many types of beers - and are still the most satisfied beer-drinking consumers in Scandinavia - and ever since the first strong “Mjød” was produced and consumed by the Danish Vikings.
1873 - First Woman Magazine
The first Woman Magazine available in Copenhagen was called “Femina” - and published by Aller Media that was founded by Carl Aller and his wife Laura Aller in 1873. “Femina” was also the first Woman Magazine to be distributed in Denmark.
1875 - Hans Christian Andersen
World famous fairy tale writer Hans Christian Andersen - dies in Copenhagen August 4 - 1875 - and his funeral takes place at Copenhagen's Cathedral.

1876 - First Soccer club (football) founded in Copenhagen
The first soccer club (Football) was founded in Copenhagen in 1876 - and named KB -(Københavns Boldklub - Copenhagen Football Club) that took the initiative to introduce the soccer game from England. Soccer was presented in Copenhagen for the first time 1879 - at the Eremitage Plains north of Copenhagen - and the first soccer (Football) match took place between “Birkerød Bording Scool” and KB.

1877 - First telephone introduced
The first telephone set was introduced in Copenhagen in 1877 - based on the invention by Alexander Graham Bell from USA in 1876. In 1881 - there were almost 22 subscribers in Copenhagen that was connected to a telephone network created by the Copenhagen based company “Kjøbenhavns By- og Hustelegraf”. In 1900 - 25,000 in Denmark was the owner of a telephone - and a more organized network and telephone lines was conducted by central units around the Country. The telephone “book” in 1881 - had one page with 22 numbers - and the addresses of the subscribers.

1879 - Trans-Atlantic Hub - “Larsens Plads”
A new port terminal was established in Copenhagen in 1879 - and named “Larsens Plads” for the Thingvalla Line - which began operating a direct route between Scandinavian ports and America - offering the growing number of Scandinavian emigrant’s affordable - comfortable and a safe voyages to USA on “SS Thingvalla” from Copenhagen - Newcastle - New York. The first voyage in 1879 from Copenhagen with the steamship “SS Thingvalla” to New York via Newcastle was mostly with Scandinavian immigrants. There was passenger accommodation for 50-1s - 50-2nd and 900-3rd class.

See: Find Danish Ancestors

Timeline for
Danish Persons
and Events
in the late 1800's
King Christian IX
1863 - The first Glücksborg King. King Christian IX.
H.C. Andersen
1875 - Writer - Hans Christian Andersen dies.
Frederik L. Smidth
1882 - Frederik L. Smidth founded F.L. Smidth & Co.
First Street Lights
1892 - The First street lights at “Kongens Nytorv”.
Open-Air Museum
1901 - The Open - Air museum opens at Lyngby.
1882 - FLSmidth & Co
The world’s leading supplier of cement production technology FLSmidth & Co. A/S, was founded in Copenhagen by Frederik Læssøe Smidth in 1882. Today FLSmidth & Co is an international corporation specialising in the development - design and engineering of complete processing lines to the cement and mineral industry with headquarters in Copenhagen and subsidiaries all over the world as well as 7,500 staff members. As one of Denmark’s major exporters - the FLSmidth & Co. group has a matchless global market position and contributes heavily to support the Danish economy by exporting their unique engineering competence - high technology - processing plants and services worldwide.
1892 - First Power Plant in Copenhagen
The first Power Plant (Gothersgade Elektricitetsværk) is established in Copenhagen and for the first time in the city the street lights around “Kongens Nytorv” are lit with electricity.
The Marble Church
1894 - The Marble Church
The Marble Church was finally completed and inaugurated in August 1894 - after the church complex was left incomplete and stood as a ruin for nearly 150 years - and after nearly 20 years of construction due to new funds and other generous contributions. The Marble Church or “Frederik’s Church” was built to mark the celebration the royal house of Oldenborg in 1749 - in connection with the establishment of the Nobel quarters of Frederiksstad from 1750 - 1760 - plus the four Amalienborg Palaces.

See: The Marble Church

1896 - First motor vehicle in Copenhagen
The first motor vehicle in Denmark was a Daimler from Germany - and presented in Copenhagen in 1896 by its owner Holger Hassel. At the same time Mercedes-Benz also introduced its first model in Copenhagen in 1896.
1897 - Enigheden - First Industrial Dairy in Copenhagen
The first industrial Dairy in Copenhagen was established in 1897 - and was a cooperative Dairy formed by Copenhagen dairy workers and named “Enigheden”.
1898 - Public Payphone - Copenhagen
The first public - and automatic payphone was installed and in use in Copenhagen for 10-øre per call. The Payphones was later modernized gradually and expanded on selected locations - with around 400 payphone stations - as more Copenhageners was connected to the - at that time primitive telephone network.
1901 - First Kinder Garden established
The very first Kinder Garden with public support in Denmark is established and inaugurated in Copenhagen at Enghave Square on Vesterbro and called “Folkebørnehave” - The Peoples Kinder Garden.
1901 - The Open Air Museum
On one of the world’s largest and oldest public museum areas - the Open-Air Museum “Frilandsmuseet” in Northern Copenhagen opened in 1901. The Museum includes more than 100 rural buildings from Denmark - spread out over a large scenic area covering the period 1650 to 1950. All the houses are fully furnished and visitors you can walk into all farmhouses and buildings and experience daily life for each era represented. Free admission all year round.
1901 - Human Exhibitions in Tivoli Copenhagen
In 1901 -
Tivoli hosted a Human Exhibition in Copenhagen
- and exhibited foreign races and their way of life to the Danes - who hardly could afford to travel abroad.

The first Human Exhibition in Tivoli was in 1901 - with exotic and tropical human beings from India showing the everyday life in India - performing coolies with their two-wheeled rickshaws - snake charmers - dancers - actors - acrobats and much more outlandish - which gathered crowds of curious Copenhageners and Danes - who learnt more about the foreign cultures at these Human Exhibitions in Tivoli - and gave the spectators an awareness of the wide world beyond Denmark. Since human natives from
the Middle East - Far East - Africa and The Virgin Islands were exhibited frequently at Tivoli in Copenhagen.

See: Tivoli Gardens

1903 - The world's first Christmas Seal
In 1903 - the world’s first Christmas Seal “Julemærke” was invented in Copenhagen by post office clerk Einer Holbøll - and published in Denmark at Christmas 1904 - portraying the Danish Queen Louise of Denmark - and printed with the word “Julen” - 1904. Over 4 million Christmas stamps were sold in the first year at 2 øre per seal. (There is 100 øre to every 1.00 kroner - DKK.)
Since 1911 - the Christmas Seal sales has provided the financial basis for the establishment and operation of several Christmas Seal Homes - sanatorium’s - convalescent homes and boarding schools for children - from all over Denmark.
The Town Hall of Copenhagen - 1905
1903 - The Town Hall of Copenhagen around 1903 - and during construction - without the tower that is slowly rising at the back - which will reach a height of nearly 106 meters - when it is completed. The Town Hall was inaugurated in 1905.
Jakob Christian Ellehammer - 1906
1906 - Jakob Christian Ellehammer with his aeroplane and crew in 1906 - on the tiny isle Lindholm outside of Copenhagen - where he flew over 50 centimeters over the surface for a few minutes - as the first aviation pioneer in Europe.

got wings
in 1906
and flew for
a few minutes
over the surface
on the Isle of

1905 - The Town Hall
The building of Copenhagen's Town Hall (Rådhuset) is completed in 1905 - with a 107 meter high tower that is open to the public.

See: Copenhagen's Town Hall (Rådhuset)

1906 - Nordisk Film
Nordisk Film was established in Valby - Copenhagen in 1906 - and is the oldest movie production company in the world. In 1992 - Nordisk Film merged with the Egmont media group and is the largest producer and distributor of electronic entertainment in North Europe. The film company runs the Palads Cinema in Copenhagen with 17 screens.
1906 - First flight in Copenhagen and Europe
Danish inventor and aviation pioneer Jacob Christian Ellehammer (1871-1946)
was the first European to fly an airplane on the small isle of Lindholm outside of Copenhagen in 1906. The flight distance of 421 meters at an altitude of over 50 centimeters was a record in Europe and conducted 3 years after the world’s first historical flight by the Wright Brothers in 1903 - in North Carolina - USA.

1908 -
Flush toilets & bathtubs
There are almost 50,000 (WC) flush toilets installed in Copenhagen - and around 20,000 bathtubs with running hot tub water. The sanitary conditions are improving in Copenhagen - but it's still the wealthy citizens that can afford to install bathrooms with flush toilets and bathtubs.
1909 - First driving school established in Copenhagen
The founder of the first driving school in Copenhagen was Valdemar Darlov - who named his driving school “V. Darlov’s Motorskole”.
1910 - Bicycle Lanes and paths in Copenhagen
The first separate bicycle paths are established in Copenhagen around the Lakes in 1910 - as the existing bridle paths was converted into isolated Cycle ways - tracks to secure the heavy growth of cycles on the road at that time. At the present there are more than 360 km of bicycle paths in and around Copenhagen and since the first few bicycles were introduced on the street in 1890s - nearly every Copenhagener owns a cycle today.
1912 - M/S Selandia
The world's first ocean-going diesel-powered ship ever built was M/S Selandia that started her maiden voyage in 1912 - from Copenhagen to Bangkok with two B&W four-stroke diesel engines. Burmeister & Wain (B&W) was a large established Danish shipyard and leading diesel engine producer with headquartered in Copenhagen. M/S Selandia was owned by (ØK) - The East Asiatic Company (EAC) - founded by Hans Niels Andersen in Copenhagen in 1897.

In 2008 - Danmarks Nationalbank issues a new 20-krone coin with the M/S Selandia as its motif - which is the third coin in a series with ships as their common motif.
1912 - First female in Copenhagen with driving license
The first female in Copenhagen to get a driving licence was Minna Darlov in 1912. She was married to Valdemar Darlov - who established the first driving school in Copenhagen in 1909 - which also was the first in Denmark. But woman were allowed to drive cars in Copenhagen earlier - approx. when the first motor vehicle was presented in Copenhagen in 1896.
M/S Selandia
1912 - The world's first ocean-going diesel-powered ship M/S Selandia - started her maiden voyage from Copenhagen to Bangkok in 1912 - and was powered with two B&W (Burmeister & Wain) four-stroke diesel engines. M/S Selandia was owned by (ØK) - The East Asiatic Company (EAC).
The A.P. Møller-Maersk Group
1912 - Ship Owner Arnold Peter Møller better known as A.P. Møller established the Steamship Company of 1912 - with headquarters in Copenhagen. Today the A.P. Møller-Maersk Group is the world’s largest container ship operator, with over 130 offices worldwide and 120,000 employees.


The world's first
diesel powered
ship - M/S Selandia
was Danish
and started her
maiden voyage
from Copenhagen
to Bangkok in 1912

The world's
Shipping Company
was founded in
in 1912

1912 - A.P. Møller
The legendary Ship Owner Arnold Peter Møller better known as A. P. Møller - established the Steamship Company of 1912 (Dampskibsselskabet af 1912 - Aktieselskab) - with headquarters in Copenhagen. The company started in 3 rented offices located at the Old Stock Exchange “Børsen” and later moved in 1915 - to a more exclusive address at Kongens Nytorv 8. Today - the A. P. Møller-Maersk Group is an international conglomerate with more than 120,000 employees - and is the largest container ship operator with the biggest container ships in the world - serving customers from over 130 offices located worldwide. The Maersk Group’s activities are concentrated over 4 main business sectors: Container & transport - Shipping & offshore - Energy & Oil/gas production - Retail & industrial business - and has throughout the years had a significant influence on Denmark's export revenues - as well as the economic and social development of the country.

See: Danish Exporters
A. P. Møller
1912 - A. P. Møller - legendary ship owner founded the world’s largest shipping company - involved in energy - logistics - retail and manufacturing.
Novo Nordisk
1925 - Insulin production at Novo in 1938 - at the Fasanvej processing plant and laboratory. Today the company works in 180 countries.
Kastrup Airport
1925 - Kastrup Airport was inaugurated as the centre for Scandinavian and international flights - and the main hub for many European airlines.
Christiansborg Palace
1928 - The third Christiansborg Palace was completed after 21 years of construction - and the Danish Parliament was also inaugurated.
1913 - The Little Mermaid - Copenhagen
The statue of the Little Mermaid is unveiled at Langelinie in 1913. The statue was commissioned in 1909 - by Carl Jacobsen - founder of New Carlsberg Breweries. The statue was created by sculptor Edward Eriksen - who used his wife Eline Eriksen as the model.
1915 - Danish Women right to vote
Danish women were granted the right to vote on June 5 - 1915. Female enfranchisement was part and parcel of a major overhaul of the Danish Constitution from 1849. To mark the occasion - more than 12,000 women marched in procession to the square in front of the Amalienborg Palace in Copenhagen - and handed a declaration to King Christian XI - where the word “thank” was not used - to emphasise that parliamentary enfranchisement was a civil right for everyone in Denmark - and not a charitable act necessitating gratitude.
1920 - Havarti Cheese
The Cream Havarti Cheese “Flødehavarti” is introduced to the Copenhageners in 1920 - and derives from the old Havarti Cheese produced since 1852 at the Havartigaard Dairy situated a bit north of Copenhagen. The Danish Havarti Cheese is world famous in its round form - and far the most popular cheese that is exported from Denmark - and among one of the many Danish dairy product exported to international markets.

1921 - "Pølsevogn"
- and the Danish fast food culture since 1921
The first "Pølsevogn" (Sausage stand) was established in Copenhagen around 1921 - and today more than 140 million red "Pølser" are consumed every year at the Danish "Pølsevogn". The out door "Hot Dog Stand" - also called "Cafe Fodkoldt" - "Café Cold Feet" has been a cultural institution and fast food tradition since 1921 - in Denmark.

The Red "Pølse" (Sausage) also called "wienerpølser"
with "brød" (bread) has been the Danes favourite out-door meal and fast food for generations - and made of tasty pure pork. On nearly every street corner in Copenhagen there will be a "Pølsevogn" (Mobile Sausage stand) with a variety of warm red pork sausages and various tasty supplements. The Danish "Pølsevogn" with its red "porky" sausages - represents the heart and soul of the Danes food culture - and has for almost a century been a vital part of the Danes “Finger Food” and "Street Food" culture.

See: Red Danish Sausages
See: Danish Food Culture

"Pølse" - 25 Øre - 1921
Fast food since 1921. One red "Pølse" - 25 øre - and bread 5 øre.
The Danish "Pølsevogn"
There is a sausage stand on nearly every street corner in Copenhagen.
The Red Danish "Pølse"
The famous Danish red sausage "Wienerpølse" with bread.

Copenhagen’s Cathedral
1924 - Copenhagen’s Cathedral
Copenhagen’s first Cathedral “The Church of Our Lady” (Vor Frue Kirke) was inaugurated as a Cathedral in 1924. The Church building was rebuilt and completed in 1836 - after the bombardment of Copenhagen in 1807 - with all the marvellous statues of Christ and his 12 Disciples shaped by the Danish neoclassical sculptor Bertel Thorvaldsen. There have been five historical Churches situated on the same spot to serve the Copenhageners since the first Church was built in 1209.

See: Copenhagen Cathedral

1925 - Novo Nordisk
To brothers and engineers Harald Pedersen and Thorvald Pedersen started the production of insulin and named their new company Novo Terapeutisk Laboratorium (Novo) - which was based in central Copenhagen. At that time two firms in Denmark were competing to be the world's leading manufacturers of insulin - namely Nordisk Insulinlaboratorium (Nordisk) founded in Copenhagen 1923 - and Novo. In 1989 - Novo and Nordisk decided to join forces having competed with each other for more than 60 years and called the new company Novo Nordisk A/S. In 1999 - Novo Nordisk demerged into Healthcare and Enzymes - and in 2000 Novo Nordisk and Novozymes began operating as two separate companies. Today Novo Nordisk is a world leader in diabetes care and markets its products in 180 countries - with its headquarters in Copenhagen and 23,600 employees working in 80 countries. The Novo Group pumps billions of their export revenue into the Danish economy every year and contributes to keep the country as one of the worlds leading welfare states by financing a part of the social security systems, health services and educational programmes.
1925 - First radio broadcast in Copenhagen
The first radio programmes were broadcasted to the Copenhageners 3 hours daily by the officially and national (Danish Broadcasting Corporation) founded in 1925 - as a public-service organization under the name (Statsradiofonien) later called Danmarks Radio and today DR. In 1927 the broadcasting net was extended to also cover the entire Danish nation so every Danish citizen could receive and hear the radio programmes. There was almost 10,000 radio’s in 1927 to receive the national radio broadcast transmissions.
1925 - Kastrup Airport outside Copenhagen
Kastrup Airport outside of Copenhagen was inaugurated 1925 - as one of first private airports in the world with a grass runway. In 1932 - there were over 6,000 take-offs and landings. Today Copenhagen Airport serves about 55,000 passengers per day and more than 26 million passengers passed through the present airport facilities with almost 260,000 take-off and landing operations every year. Copenhagen Airport Kastrup is the largest airport is Scandinavia and functions as the main hub for SAS (Scandinavian Airlines System) and many other European and Nordic Airlines.

See: Copenhagen Airport
1925 - Tango Jalousie - Jacob Gade
Tango Jalousie "tzigane" (Jealousy Tango) was composed in Copenhagen by the Danish composer Jacob Gade (1879-1963) and performed for the first time at the Palads Cinema in Copenhagen on 14th September 1925 - as an accompaniment to a silent film.

Every minute - around the world
Tango Jalousie (Jealousy Tango) is one of the best known music pieces in the world - and has the firm record to be played every minute of the day somewhere on this planet.
Burial Site
Jacob Gade died in 1963 - and is buried at Assens Cemetery on the isle of Funen. His burial plot is a historical site and visited by many admirers.
Composer Jacob Gade composed Tango Jalousie in 1925 - in Copenhagen.
Mille Gade - swam over the English Channel - as the first Danish woman in 1926.
1926 - Mille Gade
As a curiosity – Jacob Gade’s sister - Mille Gade was the first Danish woman - who swam over the English Channel in 1926 (France to England) in 15-3/4 hours.
Tango Jalousie - is played every minute somewhere around the world
The original manuscript of Tango Jalousie (Jealousy Tango) by Jacob Gade is the property of the Royal Library and safely kept here.
Tango Jalousie - Nostalgic & Vintage Poster
Danish Beauty Queen candidates from 1930s.
1926 - First Miss Denmark - Beauty Contest
The first Beauty Contest in Denmark to crown a winner of the first Miss Denmark - was held in Elsinore, on the Beach areas in August 1926, and the first Beauty Queen that was elected in Denmark was Edith Jørgensen from Aarhus, situated in East Jutland.

In 1951, Grethe Karen Thygesen from Copenhagen, was the first Beauty Queen nominated, as Miss Denmark - who participated in the first Miss World Completion in 1951, in London - Great Britain - and later had a glorious film career in Hollywood. The first attempt to find candidates for crowning a Beauty Queen in Denmark was arranged by a group of Beauty Contest organizers around 1918-1920 in Copenhagen, but failed due to the lack of interest.
1928 - Christiansborg Palace and the Danish Parliament
The third Christiansborg Palace in Copenhagen was inaugurated in 1928 - with a lot of festivities and with the presence of the Royal Family as well as member of the Legislature Assemble. The Palace is built in Neo-Baroque style with the highest tower in the city - which exceeded 106 meters. The present Christiansborg Palace is separated into two main wings. The one half of the Palace houses the Danish Parliament (Folketinget) and offices - and the other half is reserved as residential premises for the Royal Family.

See: Christiansborg Palace
1933 - Formation of the Technical University of Denmark (DTU)
The DTU Science Park - is one of the most powerful and advances technology centres in the world. Denmark’s has seven government appointed and heavily supported Science Parks with High-Tech Research Institutes spread all over the Danish Kingdom.

The Technical University of Denmark (DTU)

In 1933 - Danish Technical College is formed after it’s foundation in 1829 - as the College of Advanced Technology (See year 1829).

In 1994 - the technical university changed its name to the Technical University of Denmark - DTU - (Danmarks Tekniske Universitet). Today DTU is a leading technical university in northern Europe and benchmarks with the best universities in the world that provides education - research and innovation at a high international level. DTU offers a broad line of MSc and BSc Programs in all categories such as Doctoral degrees - Master’s degree - Bachelor’s degrees - Professional degrees etc. From 1962 to 1974 - DTU moved to its current premises in Lundtofte near Lyngby - north of Copenhagen - with a leading research environment and other high-technological profile areas.

1940 - Grundtvig's Church (Grundtvigskirken) was commended in 1921 - and completed in 1940. It is known as the largest public Evangelical Lutheran church in Scandinavia.
The impressive Grundtvig's Church - with its enormous tower that is around 50 metre high and one of the largest architectural work of modern time's in Scandinavia.
The church has cathedral proportions with an inside length of 76 metre - and is a real architectural pearl for visitors with a heavenly nave - simple interior - and plain altarpiece.
Nikolai Frederik Severin (N. F. S.) Grundtvig was celebrated on a Danish stamp in 1983 - in connection with his 200 year birthday.
A National Monument on Bispebjerg Hill - Grundtvig's Church

The architectural concept is a divided combination between a cathedral and old Danish country churches.

Three generations of architects from the same family have been involved in building and furnishing Grundtvigskirken. The main architect P. V. Jensen Klint - who died in 1930 - was succeeded by his son Kaare Klint and later his grandson Esben Klint.

The church is a national monument over the hymn-writer Nikolai Frederik Severin (N. F. S.) Grundtvig (1783-1872) - who also was a Danish pioneer of folk high schools - philosopher and social reformer.

It took almost 20 years to finish this huge building project at Bispebjerg in the northern part of the city - which is worth a visit. See: Grundtvig's Church

See: Grundtvig's Church
1940-1945 - World War II - Denmark & Copenhagen

During the
Nazi Occupation
of Denmark from
1940 to 1945 -
the country was
set on standby
for five long
destructive years

Many young and brave British and American soldiers lost
their precious lives
to liberate Europe
and Denmark

Thanks to the Greatest Generation ever!
Denmark occupied by Nazi troops 1940
The hideous Nazi occupation of Denmark began on 9 April 1940 - and lasted until Nazi forces withdrew at the end of World War II - following their pathetic surrender to the Allies on 7 May 1945. The Nazi troops left Denmark disgraceful on foot after liberation day.
Denmark liberated by English troops 1945
On Denmark’s liberation day 5 May 1945 - all along the roads - everywhere in Denmark - the Danes were cheering - waving - smiling and saluting the English troops that liberated the country - and the first glorious weeks of liberation were celebrated with patriotic loyalty and exuberance.
1940-1945 - Denmark Occupied
World War II - Copenhagen was occupied by Nazi troops along with the rest of the country from 9 April - 1940 until 4 May 1945. The development of Copenhagen was set on standby for five long destructive years.

King Christian X
1940 - 1945 - King Christian X - Horse riding
During the Nazi occupation of Denmark - King Christian X took a daily ride on horseback through his city and won much admiration and sympathy among the Danes - where he also became a symbol for the Danish people during some very dark and depressing years. The royal horse riding every morning trough Copenhagen did contribute to boost the morale of the Copenhageners and Danes - and was very frustrating for the Nazi occupiers - plus a very annoying element - which was troubling for the farcical and brutal Nazi’s military regime in Denmark.

See: Amalienborg

The Danish Resistance - and the brave British and American soldiers
In great honour and remembrance to the courageous Danish Resistance - plus the many young and brave British and American soldiers - who gave their precious lives to liberate Denmark - and the rest of Europe from its Nazi occupiers - as well as those heroic women and men who fought courageously and survived - and then left Europe again - when peace finally was established around the European Continent. The editor has selected a video with Vera Lynn performing - "We'll Meet Again" - as a never ending Thanks to the Greatest Generation ever - including my beloved Mum and Dad.

In deep respect for a great admiration!

George B. Moller
Editor-in-chief & founder

Video - "We'll Meet Again"

1946 - Scandinavian Airlines System - SAS
Scandinavian Airlines System
- SAS is founded and formed in 1946 - between three Scandinavian countries - Sweden - Norway and Denmark by merging their national carriers into one multi-national Scandinavian Carrier to handle intercontinental traffic to and from Scandinavia. AB Aerotransport (Sweden) - Det Norske Luftfartselskap AS (Norway) and Det Danske Luftfartselskab A/S (Denmark). The first intercontinental SAS flight was Stockholm - New York. Copenhagen Airport Kastrup is the largest airport is Scandinavia and functions as the main hub for SAS.
1951 - First Television transmission in Copenhagen
The first television transmission began 2. October 1951 - to the Copenhagen region - and transmitted programs for a few hours daily in B/W by (Danish Broadcasting Corporation) later named DR. Gradually new TV masts were placed around the Danish continent - and in the middle of 1950s - nearly everyone in Denmark could receive the TV signals. In 1956 - there were almost 16,000 TV sets in Denmark - and at the end of the year there were more than 65,000 TV’s in Danish homes. The first color television transmission was sent in 1967 - also by DR.
1955 - First "Skyscrapers" in Copenhagen
Copenhagen’s and Denmark’s first skyscrapers were built at “Bellahøj” ranging between 14-16 floors. The highest residential building in Copenhagen is “Domus Vista” with its 30 floors and 102 metres.
The first "Skyscrapers"
1955 - The first "skyscrapers" in Denmark was built at "Bellahøj" North West of Copenhagen. The total building complex consists of 1,300 flats.
The first Danish Freeway
1956 - The first Danish Freeway “Hørsholmvejen” was inaugurated in 1956 - and went up through the northern Copenhagen area.

The increasing
welfare and
economic prosperity
began the
development of a
health insurance policy and
better housing
in the 1950's
for the improved
living conditions
of working-class
1956 - First Danish Freeway in Greater Copenhagen
The first Danish Freeway “Hørsholmvejen” opened in the Greater Copenhagen Area from “Jærgersborg” to “Brådebæk” north of Copenhagen.
1957 - The Museum of Danish Resistance 1940-1945 - Inaugurated
The museum tells the story of Danish resistance during Nazi occupation 1940-1945.
1962 - The worlds longest Pedestrian Street in Copenhagen - "Strøget"
The worlds longest Pedestrian Shopping Street called "Strøget" in central Copenhagen is inaugurated in 1962. The Pedestrian Street has a network of shopping streets that cover over 3-4 km of streets - and is a great tourist attraction since it was established in 1962.

See: Pedestrian Street Copenhagen

1964 - The Little Mermaid vandalised & headless
Copenhagen's iconic Little Mermaid statue and national symbol was vandalised in 1964 - as her head was cut off by vandals and thugs - and the bronze head was never found. Since - the Little Mermaid has been a subject too many vandalizing attempts during the past - but has survived on her stone situated on the shores of the Langelinie pier - where she has been placed and a major tourist attraction since 1913.
1964 - The Beatles - Copenhagen
The Beatles’ first and only world tour begins in Copenhagen in 1964 - and it was a sensation at that time - the famous Beatles selected Copenhagen as their first concert venue on this world tour. The Beatles tour began in Copenhagen and continued to the Netherlands - Hong Kong - Australia and New Zealand - with screaming spectators all over. The Beatles performed two shows in Copenhagen at the KB Hallen with 4,500 enthusiastic - yelling - wild - and crying fans seeing The Beatles performing: I Saw Her Standing There - I Want To Hold Your Hand - All My Loving - She Loves You - Till There Was You - Roll Over Beethoven - Can't Buy Me Love -This Boy - Twist And Shout and many more.
The Beatles - Copenhagen
1967 - Princess Margrethe’s Wedding
Princess Margrethe of Denmark (the future Queen Margrethe II of Denmark) and Count Henri de Laborde de Monpezat (later Prince Henrik of Denmark) - were married on June 10. 1967 - at Holmens Church in Copenhagen.

See: Holmens Church

1967 - Copenhagen - 800 years jubilee
Copenhagen celebrated the city's 800 year jubilee with the world’s longest coffee table that exceeded almost 1,300 metres - and started from the Town Hall Square. Over 800,000 cups of coffee together with tons of Danish pastry was served that day - plus 100,000 of the famous Town Hall pancakes - which are traditionally served on special occasions to official guests that visits the Town Hall.
1971 - Roskilde Festival
The first Roskilde Festival took place in 1971 - in the outskirts of Copenhagen at the playgrounds of Roskilde town about 30 km. from Copenhagen. Today - Roskilde Festival is one of the largest music festivals in the world - and has turned into a gigantic success that gathers international artists - musicians - bands and audience from all parts of the world.

See: Event Calendar

King Frederik IX
The Royal Yacht "Dannebrog" - and King Frederik IX’s favourite residence.
1972 - King Frederik IX Dies
King Frederik IX Dies in 1972 at the age of 72 - at the Copenhagen Municipality “Kommune” Hospital - after his New Year speech to the Danes. King Frederik IX was born in 1899 - and a very popular king of Denmark from 1947 - until his death in 1972. King Frederik IX was also called in Danish “Sømandskongen” - The Sailor King - and was an admired and beloved sovereign - who modernised the Royal Danish Monarchy and the former old-fashioned household and institution behind it. King Frederik IX married Princess Ingrid of Sweden - born into the House of Bernadotte - and became later Queen Ingrid of Denmark. King Frederik IX and Queen Ingrid of Denmark are buried in a uncovered brick octagon outside Roskilde Cathedral.

See: Roskilde Cathedral

Changed the Line of Succession
- 1953
King Frederik IX also took the initiative to change the existing line of Succession to the Danish throne via a democratic elected Referendum held under the Act dated the 25th March - 1953 - that permitted female succession to the throne of Denmark - according to male-preference primogeniture - so his daughter - Princess Margrethe became the Heiress Presumptive - and later the second Queen of Denmark.
Queen Margrethe II
1972 - Queen Margrethe II
Princes Margrethe succeeded her father 31 years old upon his death in 1972 - and she was announced from the balcony of Christiansborg Palace in Copenhagen as HM Queen Margrethe II of Denmark. Queen Margrethe II became the first female monarch of Denmark since Queen Margrethe I - ruler of the Scandinavian kingdoms in 1375–1412. Queen Margrethe II is also the supreme authority of the Church of Denmark and Commander-in-Chief of the Danish Defence. She is born into the Royal House of Glücksborg and has a constitutional role - which means that the Queen cannot perform political acts independently - but she is still the head of the Danish state. The Queen married Prince Consort Henrik and has two sons - Crown Prince Frederik and Prince Joachim.

See: Royal Web Sites - The Danish Monarchy
1972 - The last Tramcar in Copenhagen
One of the last Tramcars no. 2 - to run in Copenhagen in 1972. The tramway services were taken over by busses. The 100 tramcars called “Düsseldorf” - were sold to the city of Alexandria in Egypt - where all the tramcars still are in active service.
1979 - Copenhagen Jazz Festival
The first Jazz Festival in Copenhagen was arranged in 1979 -and was a great success even though only a handful of Jazz bands performed at this new Copenhagen event. Since 1979 the event has grown to be one of Scandinavia's most attractive playgrounds for all type of international Jazz musicians and bands. Today - tourists from all over the world and Copenhageners can witness and enjoy more than 800-1000 free concerts and event around the city that starts every first Friday in July.

See: Event Calendar

1982 - Copenhagen Carnival
Ever since 1982 - Copenhagen and other cities in Denmark has been gifted with a Carnival that features thousands of colourful dancers from all parts of the world.

See: Event Calendar

The Palace Chapel.
1992 - Christiansborg Palace Chapel burns
The historical Christiansborg Chapel from 1738 and rebuilt again in 1824 - was hit by an indecent firework rocket that changed direction and stroke the roof of the Chapel during the Whitsun Festival in Copenhagen in 1992 - and caused a devastating fire to the Chapel building that nearly burnt down to the ground. The Palace Chapel was rebuilt and inauguration took place in 1997. The Chapel also was raised by a damaging fire in 1794 - when Christiangsborg Place entirely burst into flames the same year. The Palace Chapel is used by the royal family for events including weddings - baptisms - anniversaries plus other royal related occasions and ceremonies - and several Danish Kings and Queens have lain in state in the Palace Chapel - which has been used by Danish Monarch and royalties through generations.

See: The Palace Chapel
The Black Diamond

1999 - The Black Diamond
On September 15th 1999 - the Royal Library's extension at Copenhagen’s water front - The Black Diamond - was inaugurated. The construction of the Diamond had been going on since 1996 - and fulfilled an age long dream of an extension of the old Royal Library with this Architectural Pearl facing the bustling harbour area of Copenhagen.

See: The Black Diamond

See: The Royal Library

2000 - The Oresund Bridge
Official inauguration of the combined tunnel and bridge to Sweden called The Oresund Bridge (Øresundsbroen) with presence of the Danish Queen Margrethe II - and her Swedish counterpart King Carl XVI Gustaf. The total length of the connection over and under the Oresund strait is almost 16 km.
The Great Oresund Bridge
2000 - The great Oresund Bridge (Øresundsbroen). The 16 km combined tunnel and bridge to Sweden was inaugurated in 2000.
The National Opera House
2004 - The National Opera House called "Operaen" is situated at the waterfront on the island of Holmen and inaugurated in 2004.

Denmark and
Copenhagen was connected with
Sweden and
Scandinavia in 2000

And Scandinavia
was linked to
the rest of
the European
Continent for
the first time

Harbour Bathing Facilities in Copenhagen.
2002 - Harbour Bathing Facilities - Copenhagen
Copenhagen was the first city in the world to establish free Open Air Bathing facilities in Central Copenhagen in its harbour and waterfront areas named "Havnebad". And since June 2002 - Visitors and Copenhagener can enjoy a fresh swim in crystal clean blue harbour water - as the bathing water around the harbour area has reached a quality equal to the bathing water at the many blue flag beaches on the coastline of Copenhagen.

Clean water conditions
Swim in clean sparkling water - due to the historically clean water conditions - conducted by an effective and advanced alarm system to ensure clean water conditions - which has contributed to create large recreational areas in and around the harbour area of Copenhagen.

See: Harbour Bathing - Havnebad
2002 - The Metro in Copenhagen
The first Metro line in and around Copenhagen opened in 2002 - and the speedy rail networks system is best known as The Metro. The metro system will expand with new lines and the entire network is scheduled to finish in 2019-2020.
2004 - Royal Wedding - Danish Crown Prince Frederik and Australian Mary Elizabeth Donaldson
Royal Wedding - 2004
After an amorous meeting between Crown Prince Frederik from Denmark and Mary Elizabeth Donaldson from Hobart Australia during the 2000 Olympics Games in Sydney - the continuing passionate relationship led to an even more romantic and "fairytale" Royal Wedding in Copenhagen Cathedral on May 14 - 2004.

Crown Prince Frederik is heir to the Danish Throne and will become the next King of Denmark as King Frederik X of Denmark and Mary Elizabeth Donaldson will become the next Queen Mary of Denmark. The Royal Couple has 4 children. Prince Christian (Heir to the Danish Throne) - Princess Isabella and the Royal twins Prince Vincent and Princess Josephine. Royal Photo: Kongper.dk

See: Copenhagen Cathedral

See: Royal Web Sites - The Danish Monarchy

2004 - The Opera in Copenhagen
The New Opera House called - Operaen - at Copenhagen’s waterfront was inaugurated in 2004. The Opera House was donated to the Danish state by the A.P. Møller and Chastine Mc-Kinney Møller Foundation in August 2000.
2008 - Copenhagen no. 1 in the world
Copenhagen is ranked as the best city in the world that offers its residents - THE HIGHEST QUALITY OF LIFE - by the British Magazine Monocle - and furthermore the Monocle announces that Copenhagen is also the BEST DESIGN CITY in the world amongst the world’s top 25 cities for quality of life. The editor of Copenhagen-Portal assures that every Copenhagener is surprisingly proud of the title and status their city has obtained by prominent overseas Magazines and Periodicals.

Copenhagen has
turned into
largest Capital
and a modern
vibrant city
with plentiful
of various
Arts & Entertainment
plus an effective
public transport
The Metro Line
The first Metro line in and around Copenhagen opened in 2002 - and offers a network of lines through the city and its vicinity.
Royal Danish PlayHouse
Copenhagen’s new Playhouse is beautifully situated by the waterfront and inaugurated in 2008. It is an architectural pearl and a new landmark.
2008 - The Royal Danish Playhouse in Copenhagen
Copenhagen’s new Playhouse is beautifully situated by the waterfront and inaugurated in 2008. The building is considered as the new national stage for the dramatic arts in Denmark.
2010 - Copenhagen awarded as Most Liveable City
The British Magazine Monocle awarded the Danish capital to be the best in the world - as the "Most Liveable City".
2011 - New National Monument of remembrance
A new national monument of remembrance for the many brave Danish soldiers - who lost their young and precious lives in international peace keeping missions abroad was inaugurated on September 5th - 2011 - at the old Citadel from 1626.

See: Memorial Events

Helle Thorning-Schmidt.
2011 - Denmark's first female Prime Minister
For the first time in Danish history a woman - Social Democrat leader Helle Thorning-Schmidt - will take over the prime minister’s office in Copenhagen after the September 2011 election - which was a historic breakthrough for women’s equality in Denmark - since Danish women were granted the right to vote on June 5 - 1915. This is Danish History in the making. The first female minister in a Danish government was a Danish Social Democratic politician and historian Nina Bang - who was appointed Minister for Education in 1924.
2013 - The Blue Planet in Copenhagen
The new National Aquarium in Denmark - called The Blue Planet was inaugurated in March 2013 - and is formed as a whirlpool with 5 separate tank and aquarium sections including a giant Ocean Tank for sharks and rays.

The Blue Planet is an impressive underwater Sea World in Copenhagen - and the largest Aquarium Complex in North Europe.
The Blue Planet
Ocean Quay Cruise Terminal.
2014 - The new Ocean Quay Cruise Terminal
The new Ocean Quay Cruise Terminal at Nordhavn situated near the Free Port Terminal - has been officially inaugurated - and Copenhagen will be able to handle 500 - 600 Cruise Calls yearly. There are four Cruise Terminals in Copenhagen. Ocean Quay Cruise Terminal. The Free Port Terminal. The Langelinie Cruise Terminal and Nordre Toldbod Cruise Terminal.

See: Cruise Copenhagen

Stegt Flæsk.
2014 - The National Dish - “Stegt Flæsk”
The Danes have voted that their National Dish and favourite recipe is “Stegt Flæsk med Persillesovs” - Fried Pork Belly with Parsley Sauce. “Stegt Flæsk” is an old traditional and rural dish - that has been the Danes everyday dish for centuries. The Danes are the most Pork eating people in the world.

See: Stegt Flæsk - Fried Pork Belly with Parsley Sauce.

2015 - Copenhagen ranked as the best Bicycle-Friendly city in the World
There are nearly 400 km of save cycle tracks in and around bicycle-friendly Copenhagen.
In 2015 - Copenhagen was awarded - as the best and most bicycle-friendly city in the world - and has since been ranked as the world’s greatest biker-friendly town numerous times. Nearly every Copenhagener owns a bicycle - as there are almost 800,000 cycles in Copenhagen. Over 60% of all Copenhageners cycle back and forth to work - to the nearest station or to other public transportation services. There are nearly 400 km of save cycle tracks in and around the city - and should the cyclist have a green wave between traffic lights - the speed on a bicycle can easily reach 20 km per hour - and much higher for the electrical powered bikes.

See & read more: Danish Cyle Culture

Every participating “Royal Runner” received a finisher’s medal to hang around their neck after the first “Royal Run” in 2018.
2018 - Historic ROYAL RUN by Crown Prince Frederik - Copenhagen
A historic event took place - when Denmark’s future King - organized a running event - called the “ROYAL RUN” - in connection with his 50th milestone Birthday on 26th May - and invited everyone in the Kingdom of Denmark to run 10 miles with him and his family - first in Copenhagen - and then one mile in four of the largest Danish “Royal Run” cities including Aarhus - Odense - Aalborg - and Esbjerg.

The Royal Run was a great success and crowd-pleaser - with more than 80.000 “Royal Runners” participating in this historic running event to celebrate Crown Prince Frederik’s on his round Birthday together with thousands of cheering spectators and fans on the running routes - who were compactly lined up alongside the streets of all the involved Danish “Royal Run” cities.

Since 2018 - the Royal Run event has been a yearly running tradition - and has attracted many more “Royal Runners” with Crown Prince Frederik and family in front - as the main inventor and motivator of this popular running arrangement.

See: Event Calendar

Copenhagen a "Cool" and "Unstoppable" No.1 City to visit in 2019 - according to Lonely Planet's Travel Guide.
2018 - Copenhagen the top No. 1 city to visit in 2019
Lonely Planet recommends tourist to visit Copenhagen and the Danish Capital in 2019 - and pronounced Copenhagen as being “cool” and “unstoppable” in Lonely Planet’s Best in Travel’ book.

Copenhagen is once again crowned as the world’s top city to visit, as visitors can experience the diversified and splendid architecture of this metropolis, tasty food culture and delicious Scandinavian menus, plus pay a swift visit to multiple attractions and historical places, as well as amusement parks and other fascinating outdoor activities like the ski slope on the top of the waste management facility. And all the attractive sights can be reached by the city’s well-organised transport and Metro system.

See: Copenhagen-Portal

From Copenhagen to Champs-Élysées - Paris. Tour de France - 2022.
2022 - Tour de France 2022 - From Copenhagen to Champs-Élysées - Paris
Tour de France 2022 - will start for the very first time in Copenhagen - Denmark - on Friday, 1. July - 2022 - and then the cycling route - with all of the international riders - will pass through several attractive Danish Cities - picturesque landscapes and fascinating Venues as - 1. Stage: Copenhagen (Round trip). 2. Stage: Roskilde - Lejre - Holbæk - Vindinge Bakker (Hills) - Kalundborg - Korsør - Slagelse - The Great Belt Bridge - Nyborg. 3. Stage: Vejle - Kolding - Haderslev - Aabenraa and Sønderborg - and then end at the final stage at Champs-Élysées, Paris on Sunday, 24. July - 2022. On the very first day of this historical cycling event and tour competition in Copenhagen - the most powerful tour rider and winner of the first stage - will be honoured and receive as a trophy - the first Yellow Jersey ever presented in Denmark - on the 109th edition of this famous cycle race. The Tour de France cycling route through Denmark and the selected Danish cities - will be dressed in yellow - and followed by thousands of cycling fans and happy cheering spectators alongside yellow cornfields spread all over the countryside.

Denmark - See: Event Calendar

Copenhagen - the most liveable capital in the world in 2022.
2022 - Copenhagen crowned as the most liveable capital in the world
Copenhagen is once again ranked - as the most liveable metropolis in the world - by Monocle Lifestyle Magazine - 2022. Copenhagen hosts several world-class museums - and strives to be the greenest capital in the world. Pedestrians - cyclist and bicycle commuters in Copenhagen have top priority concerning their traffic safety - as well as offering Copenhageners - tourists and visitors a pleasant and safe place to live and stay - a vibrant city with numerous cultural experiences - fresh - clean and clear harbour bathing facilities - at the centre of the city - reliable public transport systems and excellent infrastructure - plus a captivating and spotless clean city environment. Fabulous Zürich ended second on Monocle’s list of liveable cities in 2022, pursued closely by enchanting and comparable capital’s like Lisbon - Helsinki and Stockholm. And beside all the praise - Copenhagen is also among one of the most expensive cities in the world to live and stay in - and the Danes are world champions in paying the highest taxes on this beautiful planet called earth.
Even though the heavy taxation burdens, the Danes have been awarded several times, in many international surveys and studies, the position of being the "happiest people" in the world - with a very high living standard - in one of the world’s major Welfare Nations.

See: Copenhagen Culture
- See:
Happy Danes - See: Scandinavia
2023 - Copenhagen - The World Capital of Architecture - 2023
UNESCO has chosen Copenhagen as the World Capital of Architecture in 2023 - with the following statement. “The city designated as World Capital of Architecture will become a global forum for discussion on the pressing challenges of our world, through the prisms of Culture, Heritage, Urban Planning and Architecture. Through this initiative, UNESCO and the UIA are joining forces to develop urban solutions for the benefit of future generations through culture”. World Capital of Architecture is a new title given by UNESCO to the city hosting UIA (International Union of Architects) World Congress of Architects. Copenhagen will use this historical title as World Capital of Architecture, for the next three years, to debate and celebrate the city’s architectural past and future, highlighting innovative solutions of resilience, liveability and sustainability.
The Axel Towers - Copenhagen.

HM Queen Margrethe II of Denmark.
2023 - Abdication of HM Queen Margrethe II of Denmark
HM Queen Margrethe II - announced on live TV, during her annual and traditional New Year's Eve speech to the Danes on 31 December 2023, her upcoming abdication as Queen of Denmark - after 52 years on the throne and head of the Danish state. HRH Crown Prince Frederik will succeed her, as King Frederik X - on 14 January 2024, and his consort HRH Crown Princess Mary will become the Queen of Denmark. The popular Monarchs, will be proclaimed, from the balcony of Christiansborg Palace in Copenhagen, as the new King and Queen of Denmark.

See: Christiansborg Palace

HM King Frederik X and consort HM Queen Mary of Denmark.
2024 - Proclamation of HM King Frederik X of Denmark
After HM Queen Margrethe II of Denmark and the Danes adored Monarch officially signed her abdication, her popular son was proclaimed on January 14th 2024 - from the Balcony of Christiansborg Palace as HM King Frederik X of Denmark. King Frederik X and his beloved Consort HM Queen Mary appeared together on the balcony as Denmark’s new Monarchs, waving to the more than 300,000 cheering crowds of Danes with Danish flags, all experiencing this very once in a lifetime historic Royal event on a chilly and frosty Sunday.

See: Christiansborg Palace
The Old Stock Exchange - Burnt Down and lost for ever.

2024 - Old Stock Exchange - Burnt Down
One of Copenhagen’s most historic and iconic buildings and architectural pearls - as well as 400 years of Danish cultural heritage - The 17th-century Old Stock Exchange - was raged by a devastating fire on Tuesday April 16 - 2024 - and lost for ever.

Thousands of horrified and emotional Copenhageners burst into tears on this very sad day, when they witnessed their national treasure and landmark was surrounded by flames and black smoke - and then experienced the mythical dragon spire collapsed during a refurbishment and facelift of The Old Stock Exchange for its 400 year jubilee later in 2024.

See: The Old Stock Exchange

Copenhagen - 21st Century
During the 20th century until today - Copenhagen has grown into a thriving modern city and is the Capital of Denmark with more than 1,8 million inhabitants living in and around the greater Copenhagen area - and located in one of the major Welfare States in the world.
The Copenhageners just love their easy-going lifestyle and high taxes that pays for their well-being.

Being the largest city in Scandinavia - Copenhagen is considered as a centre of culture and arts with plenty of sightseeing and entertainment activities to offer visitors - together with multitude of shopping facilities and the longest pedestrian street system in the world -
plus an explosion of historical venues - and an overflow of interesting heritage sites and top attractions.

But Copenhagen has also become an international city - with a rich commercial and educational environment - since Bishop Absalon planned to build his citadel to protect the city in the year 1167.

See: Copenhagen Culture

See: Scandinavia


We know our History about Copenhagen and Denmark at INBOUND TRAVEL SERVICE - and will gladly share the exciting Historical Splendour of this Fairy Tale Kingdom and Well Fare Nation together with our Customers on our Tours and Excursions.
Great Danes and Famous Copenhageners

Bertel Thorvaldsen
Bertel Thorvaldsen (1770 - 1844)
Danish sculptor born in Copenhagen 1770 and died 1844 in Copenhagen - created almost 550 sculptures - reliefs and portrait busts during his lifetime. Some of his most famous works are the statues of Christ and the twelve Apostles at Copenhagen Cathedral - the Lion Monument in Lucerne - Pope Pius VII's monument in St. Peter's Basilica - Jason & the Golden Fleece - The Three Graces etc.

Final resting place: The inner courtyard of Thorvaldsens Museum - and buried in September 1848. The Burial Site of Bertel Thorvaldsen is open for visitors.

See: Thorvaldsens Museum


N.S.F. Grundtvig
N. F. S. Grundtvig (1783 - 1872)
The Danish priest and philosopher N.F.S. Grundtvig born 1783 and died 1872 in Copenhagen - is a person of great magnitude and influence in newer Danish history, who reformed Christianity within the Danish Lutheran Church and developed The Folk High School movement. N.F.S. Grundtvig was a pastor at The Church of Our Saviour for four years 1822-1826 - located at Christianshavn.

See: Church of Our Saviour

Quotation by
N. F. S. Grundtvig:

“The church is for the sake of the people, the people do not exist for the sake of the church!”
(Kirken er til for Folkets Skyld og ikke Folket for Kirkens!)

Final resting place: Claras Kirkegaard (Claras Church Cemetery) at Estate Gammel Kjøgegaard - 20 km south of Copenhagen - and buried in August 1872. The Burial Site and Crypt of N. F. S. Grundtvig - is only open for visitors - to days every year - on May 15. to commemorate the anniversary of Clara Sophie’s birth on May 15 - 1822 - who also was the Estate owners wife - and died in 1852 only 30 years old - and her - who also gave name to the little forest Cemetery - and on September 8. on N. F. S. Grundtvig’s birthday.

See: Grundtvig's Church

H.C. Andersen
Hans Christian Andersen (1805 - 1875)
World famous fairy tale writer Hans Christian Andersen - first arrived to Copenhagen in 1819 - and lived most of is life at various addresses in Nyhavn. H.C. Andersen wrote numerous fairy tales and the most famous are The Little Mermaid - The Emperor's New Clothes - The Ugly Duckling - The Princess and the Pea - Thumbelina and The Snow Queen etc. Born 1805 in Odense on the isle of Funen and died 1875 in Copenhagen.

Quotation by Hans Christian Andersen:

“To travel is to live!"
(At rejse er at leve!)

Final resting place: Assistens Cemetery (Assistens Kirkegård) in Copenhagen - and buried in August 1875. The Burial Site of Hans Christian Andersen is open for visitors.

See: Hans Christian Andersen


Søren Kierkegaard
Søren Aabye Kierkegaard (1813 - 1855)
Religious philosopher and founding father of the Existentialist Movement was born in Copenhagen 1813 and died 1855 in Copenhagen. He was a profound and prolific writer in the Danish "golden age". He matriculated to the University of Copenhagen in 1830 - and passed his theological examination 1840. His central problematic was how to become a Christian in Christendom.

Quotation by Søren A. Kierkegaard:

“Everybody wants development - but nobody wants changes!”
(Alle vil udvikling - ingen vil forandring!)

Final resting place: Assistens Cemetery (Assistens Kirkegård) in Copenhagen - and buried in November 1855. The Burial Site of Søren Aabye Kierkegaard is open for visitors.

See: Søren Aabye Kierkegaard


Jacob Gade
Jacob Gade (1879 - 1963)
The composer of Tango Jalousie Jacob Gade - which is played every minute somewhere around the world. He is Born in the Danish town Vejle in 1879 - and arrived to Copenhagen in 1888 - where he lived and worked most of his life. In 1925 - he composed the world famous music piece - Tango Jalousie (Jealousy) - as an accompaniment to a silent film.

Final resting place: Assens Old Cemetery (Assens Kirkegård) in Assens Town on the west coast of the island of Funen - and buried in February 1963. The Burial Site of Jacob Gade is open for visitors.

Jacob Gade

Karen Blixen
Karen Blixen (1885 - 1962)
Legendary author and Baroness Karen Blixen with her pen name Isak Dinesen was born north of Copenhagen at Rungstedlund in 1885 and died there in 1962 . For some years she and her husband established and ran a coffee plantation in Kenya. After returning to Denmark in 1931 - she seriously started to write - and her first book "Seven Gothic Tales" was publish in the US in 1934 - and probably she is best known in English for the book and film "Out of Africa".
Quotation by Karen Blixen:

"We must leave our mark on life - while we have it in our power!"
(Vi må præge livet - mens vi har magt over det - at det ikke skal lukke sig - når vi går ud af det - uden spor!)

Karen Blixen - also known by her pen name Isak Dinesen.

Final resting place: At the foot of "Ewald's Hill" - at her birthplace Rundstedlund. Approx. 20 km north of Copenhagen. Buried in September 1962. The Burial Site of Karen Blixen is open for visitors.

See: Karen Blixen


Niels Bohr
Niels Bohr (1885 - 1962)
Nobel Prize Winner in physics 1922 - born in Copenhagen in 1885 and died there 1962 - is best known for the investigations of atomic structure and for work on radiation theory. Niels Bohr distinguished himself at the University of Copenhagen winning a gold medal from the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences. In 1911 - he received his doctorate.

Quotation by Niels Bohr:

"Einstein - stop telling God what to do!"
("Einstein - hold op med at fortælle Gud - hvad han skal gøre!")

Final resting place: The Bohr family grave - Assistens Cemetery (Assistens Kirkegård) in Copenhagen - and buried in November 1962. The Burial Site of Niels Bohr is open for visitors.

See: Niels Bohr

Victor Borge

Victor Borge (1909 - 2000)
Victor Borge is born in Copenhagen 1909 - and became one of Denmark's most popular artists in USA. In 1940 - he travelled to the United States with his American-born wife and was invited to appear on the Bing Crosby radio show 1941. Since - he became a US citizen and one of the highest paid entertainers in USA - and kept up a busy career into his 80s. Died 2000 in Greenwich. - Connecticut - USA.

Quotation by Victor Borge:

“A Smile is the closest distance between two people!”
(Smilet er den korteste afstand mellem to mennesker!)

Final resting places: Putnam Cemetery - Greenwich - Connecticut - USA - beside his beloved wife Sarabel Sanna Scraper. Buried in Copenhagen at Western Jewish Cemetery (Mosaisk Vestre Begravelsesplads) - August 2001 - at the side of his loving parents. The Burial Sites of Victor Borge is open for visitors at the Putnam Cemetery - Connecticut - and the Western Jewish Cemetery in Copenhagen.


Larsen & Toubro


The LT logo from 1938 - and the present LT logo unchanged.

Larsen & Toubro - Founders of L&T - Larsen & Toubro - India in 1938
Two Great Danes and visionary Civil Engineers Henning Holck-Larsen (4.7.1907 - 27.7.2003) born in Copenhagen and died in (Bombay) Mumbai - India - and Søren Kristian Toubro (27.02.1906 - 4.3.1982) born and died in Copenhagen - brought “Know-How” - as well as High Technology to India and founded in 1938 - the Danish Engineering and Construction Conglomerate Larsen & Toubro Limited (L&T) in (Bombay) Mumbai - India - and created a multi-billion dollar company from scratch. Today the Larsen & Toubro Group is a multi-industry conglomerate in India with a global presence in over 30 countries and more than 80,000 employees. The two Danish pioneers and creative entrepreneurs - Henning Holck-Larsen and Søren Kristian Toubro created thousands of jobs that reduced poverty - boosted the local economic and contributed to sustainable urban development - which has ever since reflected on millions of citizens in India and brought tremendous prosperity and welfare to the country. This business success from 1938 - is the story of globalization in full scale - and true effective and economic expansion to undeveloped countries in the Third World - which was truly influenced by two great Danes - even before the word “globalization” was invented or practised on The Tropic line of Cancer passing through India.

In Remembrance and honour
India owes grateful thoughts and honourable remembrances to these two Great Danes for creating prosperity and thousands and thousands of precious jobs and workplaces that benefited the entire nation of India.

Henning Holck-Larsen commemorated on postage stamp - 2008

The Department of Posts in India was proud to release a postage stamp in 2008 - portraying and commemorating Henning Holck-Larsen - as the founder of Larsen & Toubro - and one of the Pioneers of the engineering industry in India.


See: Danish Exporters

Six Successful Royal Siblings & Famous Copenhageners
Glücksborg Crest
The Royal House of Glücksborg.
The Yellow Palace
The Yellow Palace in Copenhagen from 1764 - became the Royal residence for the first Glücksborg family in 1837.
The Royal House of Glücksborg (1843-1939) - and famous Royal Descendants

Six Successful Royal Siblings & descendants of the Royal House of Glücksborg.

Six Royal descendants after King Christian IX -& Queen Louise - who became Sovereigns - Majesties - Royal Highnesses and Head of State in overseas Kingdoms and Empires.

King Christian IX
and Queen Louise and the “Grandparents of Europe” - were parents to six extremely successful children - who all contributed to expand the Glücskborg line of royalties into dynastic relations with the most influential Royal and Princely houses across Europe and the Imperial house of Russia. After the birth of Prince Frederik in 1843 - Princess Louise gave birth to five children in the following years - Princess Alexandra in 1844 - Prince Vilhelm in 1845 - Princess Dagmar in 1847 - Princess Thyra in 1853 and Prince Valdemar in 1858. All six Danish brothers and sisters were born at The Yellow Palace in Copenhagen - as Princes - Princesses - Royal Highnesses and famous Copenhageners.

Final resting places for the Six Glücksborg Royalties: Roskilde Cathedral & The Royal Mausoleum - Denmark. Open for Visitors. St George's Chapel - Windsor Castle - UK. Open for Visitors. The Royal Mausoleum and Cemetery at Tatoi Palace - Athens - Greece. Closed for Visitors. Saints Peter and Paul Cathedral - Saint Petersburg - Russia. Open for Visitors. The Hanoverian Chapel and family Mausoleum - Schloss Cumberland - Gmunden - Austria. Partially open for Visitors. The Royal Mausoleum and Burial Chapel at Castle Akershus - Oslo - Norway. Open for Visitors.

  See: The Yellow Palace

History in the Making!
The final resting place for all Danish Sovereigns & Royalties
since the 15th century
Roskilde Cathedral - The Royal Mausoleum
The most outstanding Royal Mausoleum in the world!
Roskilde Cathedral
Roskilde Cathedral - the Royal Mausoleum - and the final resting place for all the Danish Royalties since the 15th century. Here the marvellous sarcophaguses of Queen Margrethe 1. Buried in 1412.
In 1995 Roskilde Cathedral was included in UNESCO's list of the world's inalienable cultural treasures and selected by UNESCO as a genuine and incredible World Heritage site.
Roskilde Cathedral - The Royal Mausoleum

Royal History - and Danish Cultural Heritage

Roskilde Cathedral from the 12th century houses the biggest and most outstanding Mausoleum in the world - as it is the final resting place for all the Danish Royalties since the 15th century - and after the protestant reformation in 1536.

There are gorgeous sarcophaguses of Danish Kings and Queens - as well as family members of successive rulers and their descendants.

Learn much more about Danish Kings and Queens

- Learn much more about Danish Kings and Queens from the dynastic Oldenburg royalties - to the later Glücksborg dynasty by visiting Roskilde Cathedral.

Excursion to Roskilde Cathedral and the Viking Ship Museum.
Our Inbound Travel Service Team offers comprehensive excursion and field trip to Roskilde Cathedral and the Viking Ship Museum - and to all the magnificent and Historic Castles - Royal Palaces and Museums in and around North Sealand - and if preferred together with a luncheon package - which will be consumed at selected venues - with delightful views over the North Sealand Landscape or Coastline. The excursion can be combined with a tour to other Museums and Castles in and beyond the North Sealand peninsular.

Royal Mausoleum - Roskilde Cathedral

Inbound Travel Service:

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